請各位先登陸 (studentID,Moodle 密碼登陸),後編輯
請各位使用左方之工具列上的上載文件連結上載習作相關的相片

Microblogging Frees the Press in China

出自香港新聞網 - 樹仁新傳系學生實習習作

跳轉到: 導航, 搜尋

Microblogging Frees the Press in China

25th October, 2011

While most media in China are controlled by the government and information is heavily censored, microblogs turned out to be the new platform for the exchange of unfettered news and opinions.

In China, websites like Facebook and MySpace are blocked, sensitive broadcasts by overseas news agencies are blacked out, and keywords inputted on search engines such as “June 4” and “revolution” are blacklisted. Surprisingly, microblogs (also known as “weibo”) seems to be one step ahead of China’s notorious censors. Every hour, over 120 million users browse and post on microblogging sites. They are still regularly engaged in virtual debates on some most off-limits or politically sensitive topics.

“Comments posted on microblogs travel faster, and even further than that of printed newspapers’. They have higher penetrating power and mobilizing power on publics,” said Li Fang, deputy editor-in-chief of Tencent’s QQ.com, the largest portal in Chinese integrating news, interactive communities, entertainment products and widely-used basic services. “It’s now the age of ‘We Media’, the grassroots journalism by the people and for the people.”

In most democratic countries, people have the right to express themselves freely, via different channels. Yet, in China where freedom of press is suppressed, people have found their way out — “Weibo”.

On 23 July 2011, the high-speed train D301 crashed into bullet-train D3115 outside Wenzhou, and the news of this tragic accident was first posted on Sina Weibo by a passenger. The message travelled fast was reposted 100,000 times. Yet, the mainland propaganda authorities imposed a media ban, forcing newspapers to limit their coverage on the issue and not to do their own reporting but follow that of Xinhua.

When Premier Wen visited the crash site at Wenzhou on the 28th of July 2011, the media ban still (carryon) and even though journalists were present, they knew that their reports could not be published in the newspaper. Instead, they turned out posting videos, pictures, and even text reporting on their microblogs, (just like-too informal) a comprehensive news report as usual. As astonishing as it may seem, these contents were not removed from microblogs, at least not instantly.

On the contrary, Newspapers forced to ditch pages at 9pm on the 29th of July 2011 after the sudden order issued by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party. The order read: After the serious rail traffic accident on July 23, overseas and domestic public opinions have become increasingly complicated. All local media, including newspapers, magazines and websites, must downplay the reports of the incident. You are not allowed to publish any reports or commentaries, except positive news or information released by the authorities.

“Most mainland newspapers were forced to remove the train crash accident from their front page at the last minute,” said Qian Gang, an experienced journalist and the co-director of china media project at the University of Hong Kong Journalism and Media Studies Centre.

The last-minute media ban was then backfired by frustrated journalists and editors. “Livid journalists and editors made complaints and posted the scrapped pages on their microblogs,” Qian continued, “microblogs become the platform for media practitioners to act against the suppressed freedom of press.” Qian believes that though the state has taken control over traditional media, microblogs has help(vt) journalists find their way out in upholding the integrity and ethics of news reporting.


Comments from Ms Isabelle Umugwaneza:
Your title/news angle is clear and focused. Good job, you had clear examples, and you provided newsworthy material-new information the reader can use. However it was a bit long, some points were reiterated.


個人工具