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Steve Wallace pointed out the common errors of research paper

出自香港新聞網 - 樹仁新傳系學生實習習作

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(It is OK to use the initials APS in your lead but you need to spell out its full name somewhere in your report when you see fit. I don't think too many readers know that APS stands for Association for Psychological Science and Observer is the name of the journal published by the scientists institution. To get the papers published by these academic journals are achievements researchers strive for, not just "get a favorable recommendation" as you said. When you say "On the other hand, passive voice was used in some case...." you should emphasize that ONLY under three conditions were we able to use passive voice. The emphasis is to underline its rarity in usage. )


APS OBSERVER published a statistic that only 11% of typical paper would get a favorable recommendation and poor English presentation may be one of the reasons. The percentage is too low, said Steve Wallace, the founder of Wallace Academic Editing.

Wallace said that researchers always made some English mistakes such as passive voice errors. When one was doing a research paper, he preferred people to use active voice instead of passive voice because it was clearer and shorter.

On the other hand, passive voice was used in some case, he added. When the publishers are unimportant or obvious, it is no need to mention. ‘If you don't want to emphasize yourself too much, you should use passive voice too.’ Wallace said. Also, if the recipient is the main topic, passive voice is used. Wallace used the sentence ‘Green plants produce carbohydrates in the presence of light and chlorophyll’ as an example. He said that he would use active voice if he wanted everyone to focus on green plants. ‘If carbohydrate is my main point, I should put it first (passive voice),’ he mentioned.

Also, Wallace stated that researchers should use pronouns clearly and don't make the readers to guess what the pronouns refer to. ‘No on will remember what “it” is three sentences ago,’ he explained. Apart from this, a recent journal mentioned that the whole paper would be 30% shorted when deleting redundancy and extra words.

--115086 2013年10月29日 (二) 18:04 (UTC)
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